Surveys of legal needs, including in Bangladesh, Colombia, Kenya and Papua New Guinea, have helped to understand citizens` justice needs. Recent functional reviews as well as reviews of institutional and expenditure arrangements in Serbia, Montenegro, Ukraine and Moldova have influenced the reform agenda in these countries and laid the groundwork for measuring the future impacts of reforms. The Justice for the Poor (J4P) program has generated dispute resolution analyses that give citizens a voice even in difficult contexts of legal pluralism and weak formal institutions. The Doing Business survey includes a Judicial Process Quality Index that assesses initiatives to improve trade dispute resolution. Women Business and the Law (WBL) assesses the main legal barriers to women`s participation in the economy. The World Bank`s Data and Evidence Reform for Justice (DE JURE) provides a global platform to expand the evidence base of “what works in judicial reform.” The Justice Work Program covers all instruments available to the World Bank Group, including investment/project loans, results-based and policy-based loans, technical assistance, trust funds, grants, partnerships, and repayable advisory services. The type of support a tenant needs varies from case to case. Requiring the return of a deposit is a relatively simple matter. Obtaining an urgent remedial order from a court when the landlord has replaced the locks is another difficulty. Similarly, automated tools are not expected to replace a lawyer trained in complex cases. States must offer a range of tools and other options to tenants facing legal crises, which is why the NCAJ pursues, promotes and supports the evaluation of several approaches to ensure access to justice (including in our Justice Index described below, justiceindex.org). Over the years, the Bank`s approach to justice has shifted from a program focused on the judiciary – and the courts – to one that encompasses a broader and more inclusive concept of justice.
Today, our justice and development work encompasses four key focus areas: access to Oxford Academic content is often made possible through subscriptions and institutional purchases. If you are a member of an institution with an active account, you may be able to access content in one of the following ways: In Afghanistan, for example, the bank supported an increase in the number of legal aid providers. In Nigeria, the Bank helped set up legal aid centres. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Bank is developing an extension guide for micro and small business owners to help them address justice issues. In Solomon Islands, the World Bank supported local leaders who help communities manage conflicts that undermine security, development, and social cohesion. The lack of effective and poor defence services often leads to depriving all citizens of full access to justice. To help, ABA ROLI programs promote better access to justice, legal representation and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. ABA ROLI has extensive experience in traditional legal aid approaches such as legal clinics, travel lawyer programs, civil and criminal legal assistance programs and pro bono support, as well as advocating laws to establish such services. In addition, we are working to strengthen non-traditional legal resources such as community paralegals, which often serve as the primary means of resolving disputes.
ABA ROLI also seeks to improve the understanding of citizens` rights by integrating civic education into the provision of legal services. The Bank`s justice portfolio includes support to low-, middle- and high-income countries, from OECD countries to fragile states and emerging countries in conflict. It operates in all legal traditions, including common law, civil law, Sharia law and customary law. Typically, access to a range of IP addresses is made possible through an institutional network. This authentication is automatic and it is not possible to disconnect from an IP-authenticated account. (1) support judicial institutions through targeted interventions that improve the technical functions of the judicial system and its management, governance and oversight; Judicial institutions are essential to achieving the World Bank`s two goals of ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Empirical studies demonstrate the crucial role of the judiciary in promoting a healthy business environment, increasing growth, improving access to public services (especially for the poor), fighting corruption and combating abuse of power. Justice underpins the political process by protecting the rights of individuals, facilitating collective action and enabling credible engagement (WDR 2017). The type of support the person needs depends on the circumstances.
For a divorce where the parties agree to a separation, sometimes a simplified form combined with basic legal advice may suffice, a court`s waiver of its filing fees may advance the process, or offering free mediation services from a court may lead to a solution.