In view of the fact that in Costa Rica, the only legal abortion is therapeutic, the Ministry of Health has recently approved a technical standard to clarify its scope. The data cited by the organization in the project shows that 27,000 induced abortions are performed in the country each year, which he says supports the need to legalize the right to voluntary termination of pregnancy. Costa Rican feminist groups have presented a popular initiative to submit a bill on legal, safe and free abortion to the Congress of the Central American country, which requires the signature of 5% of the electoral list. The project aims to change the legal framework, for example by legalizing the termination of pregnancy and eliminating all traces of criminalization against women who exercise this right and ensuring that they are free, safe and free. Public opinion on abortion in Costa Rica is mainly influenced by the Catholic Church. Under this religious presence, abortion is strongly stigmatized in all circumstances and there are many doctors who, for some reason, would not perform abortions.  On the other hand, abortion is never punishable in the following case: data on clandestine abortions are difficult to obtain, but the estimate of deaths among infants (in which the fetus falls into this category) is estimated that in Costa Rica about 12.01 per year per 1,000 births die, in which we could also cite other causes of death, who don`t just have an abortion. This completely refutes the data that 27,000 abortions are performed per year in Costa Rica, a figure that contradicts that of 17,000 births per year, because in Costa Rica the mortality rate is said to be much higher than the birth rate.  A 2013-2014 study of focus groups of various religious options showed that only the group of people without religion overwhelmingly supports free abortion. Non-practicing Catholics and most non-Christian religious minorities support abortion in cases where the mother`s life, health, and rape are at risk. While practicing Catholics and Protestants reject all forms of abortion, even in cases where the mother`s life is in danger. Opposition to any form of abortion is frontal on the part of conservative Christian parties such as the Costa Rican Renewal, the National Restoration and the Christian Democratic Alliance, conversely, only extra-parliamentary left parties, usually Trotskyist, propose the legalization of free and free abortion (which is paid for by the state) in all circumstances, such as the Workers` Party and the New Socialist Party.  However, most parties fall somewhere between the two extremes. During the 2014-2018 legislature, MPs Epsy Campbell (PAC), Sandra Piszk (PLN) and Patricia Mora (FA) advanced the Social Affairs Committee on the Sexual Rights Bill, which would regulate therapeutic abortion and allow the distribution of emergency contraceptives, prompting the response of the Catholic Church.  A bolder project has already been presented in the period 2006-2010 and signed by Federico Tinoco and Maureen Ballestero (PLN), Evita Arguedas Maklouf (ML), Alberto Salom (PAC), Ana Helena Chacón (then PUSC) and José Merino (FA), the 16887 bill provided for a number of sexual reproductive health rights and allowed women to have decision-making control over therapeutic abortion. Aurora became pregnant in June 2012. After the diagnosis of abdominal wall syndrome on August 9, 2012, it was determined that the fetus would not survive outside the uterus. The diagnosis plunged Aurora into depression and explosive vomiting that persisted throughout the pregnancy.  Aurora requested the use of a therapeutic abortion, which was rejected. On 17 December, he appealed to the Chamber on behalf of amparo, which was dismissed on 22 February 2013.  On the 30th. In December 2012, after a caesarean section, she gave birth prematurely and the fetus died immediately. Aurora was left with consequences such as depression, anxiety and social phobia. For these reasons, the two victims sued the country before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.  The Broad Front Party, the main left-wing party with legislative representation, takes a similar position. Their candidate, José María Villalta, said during the 2014 election campaign that the issue should be discussed in order to prolong it in certain circumstances, such as the impossibility of an ectopic life, but he saw no feasible legal reform in the near future.  MP Ligia Fallas of the Frente Amplio, in her personal capacity, introduced a bill to completely decriminalize abortion, although she did so personally and without the support of her group.  ARTICLE 119.- A woman who consents to or initiates her own abortion is liable to a term of imprisonment of one to three years.
This penalty is from six months to two years if the fetus has not reached six months of intrauterine life. Because the issue is very sensitive and can arouse the passion of voters, candidates are often elusive when it comes to addressing the issue, and it is difficult to determine their exact positions. In general, most of the main parties accept a therapeutic abortion or in case of danger to the life of the mother, as already understood by Costa Rican legislation, and maintain the status quo. This was usually the position of parties such as national liberation and Christian social unity.