Created by FindLaw`s team of legal writers and writers | Last updated June 20, 2016 Property laws in Texas mean that title deeds aren`t always black and white. According to the deed, the landowner cannot be the sole rightful owner of the property. The law allows the title of equity and the legal title to belong to two separate parties. Someone may want to divide the legal and fair title for a land contract where the seller finances the buyer with a payment or loan plan. In this case, the buyer has reasonable ownership, while the seller retains legal ownership until the buyer has completed payments for the property. Legal rights are those recognized by common law courts, while just rights are those recognized exclusively by the Court of Chancery presided over by the Clerk. Disputes may arise between two parties with shared equitable/legal titles. Rights under each title may vary depending on the title agreement. Someone with fair rights usually cannot sell or transfer ownership. If a person with only one fair title does so, the transaction may not be legally binding. Title disputes can be complex and require the intervention of a lawyer.
Sometimes a party is entitled to a damages premium or a similar solution. It is important to understand your status as a title holder in possession of a property. Learning the differences between fair title and legal title is excellent • Despite the fact that both represent a sense of ownership of an asset, legal interest and equitable interest differ significantly from each other. A plaintiff seeking a fair remedy seeks an injunction from the court. A preliminary injunction is a court order that requires a party to enforce or refrain from taking any action. When buying a property, it is important to obtain a fair title. This will be accompanied by the right to obtain full ownership and participation in ownership in the future. The cheap title justifies the financial interest of the person in the property. For example, a real estate investor may own a fair security, but not a legal security. Fair title holders benefit from the increase in the value of the property. Upon receipt of title, a person with equitable title can transfer the property to someone else and keep the difference in the price of the house due to the increase in value. • A reasonable interest rate exists if that party has a financial interest in the asset in question.
A holder of reasonable interest may enjoy the assets without having the right in rem to the property. Redemption equity (also known as the right of redemption or right of redemption on equity) is the right of a defaulting mortgage debtor to prevent a seizure procedure on the property and to repay the property encumbered by the mortgage by repaying the debt secured by the mortgage within a reasonable period of time (thereby correcting the default). The distinction between common laws and equity has led to the establishment of two categories of rights that may differ legally and justly. In a legal claim, a plaintiff explains to the court how the defendant`s actions cause him a loss. This loss could have occurred in the past or in the future. Many people think that winning a lawsuit means making money. This is not always the case. There are two types of claims: legal and fair. While plaintiffs who make a legal claim ask a court to award money, litigants who make a fairness claim ask a court to initiate or stop a court, a particular lawsuit, or an event.
The defaulting mortgage debtor must exercise the equity of the redemption within a certain period of time (before an absolute seizure of the property). The fairness of the right of withdrawal exists only from the moment of default until the opening of enforcement proceedings. In many jurisdictions, the defaulting mortgage debtor also has a legal right to repayment within six months of the sale of the foreclosure and is entitled to an excess of the proceeds of the sale beyond the outstanding mortgage. Equitable title and title can often overlap when it comes to a trust. Dividing the ownership of a property between different people can be a good idea if the owner has more than one beneficiary. One person may have the right to receive property, while another person may have rights regarding the benefits and use of the property after the death or transfer of the property by the owner. The security may go to a trustee for a certain period of time, while the equitable title may go to another beneficiary who receives a security after a certain date. 2.
As Salmond notes, just rights are more precarious than legal rights. Where there is competition between a statutory right and an equitable right, the right of law prevails over the law of equity, even if it originates later, provided that the owner of the acquired right has it in value and without notice of the former equitable law. This is expressed in the maxim. “When there are equal shares, the law will prevail.” Example: Amy beats Natalie while driving. Natalie survives, but she suffers serious injuries. Natalie can take legal action against Amy and seek damages in court. Natalie would most likely want Amy to pay the medical bills resulting from the injury, as well as any future loss of income. You have a legal title if your name appears as a fellow on a certificate. The legal title is an “apparent” good or a documented good on paper.
You can assume that your ownership of a property is entirely associated with a legal claim, but this is not the case. Another party may have fair title that limits some of the ways you can use and enjoy the property. • The legal interest is property that can be enforced by law. An owner who has a legal interest in an asset can take legal action in case another party tries to override their ownership rights. The Judicature Act of 1873 resulted in the amalgamation of common law and fairness to establish a High Court of Justice with a Court of Appeal. Thus, all rights, whether legal or equal, are now recognized before a common court. A legal title refers to the responsibilities and obligations that the owner has in the maintenance, use and control of a property. Legal title is the beneficial ownership of the property.
The documented name of the owner, as it is visible in public records, usually describes the person with legal title. Legal title grants true ownership of the property and all that this implies – the set of rights that comes with land ownership. These rights include: There are similarities between the two types of titles. Think of them as two halves of the same whole. Both grant certain rights to the natural or legal person whose name appears on the title deed. Both are legally binding and enforceable in court. An owner must have both “full” ownership and use of a property. For real estate purchases that use traditional mortgages, the distinction between equity and title does not apply. Instead, the bank or lender lends both titles to the property in question using an escrow deed.
The lender then retains the financial and legal interest in the property until the buyer repays the loan. The purpose of the legal claim is for the defendant to indemnify the plaintiff and make it “whole”. If the plaintiff wins, the judge will ask the defendant to pay the plaintiff money for the loss or damage, also known as “damages.” With words like “use” and “enjoy,” you can assume that a fair title doesn`t come with many property rights.